World Hypertension Day

World Hypertension Day


– Welcome. My name is Anne Leonard. I’m a science and medical advisor with the American Heart Association. I have the pleasure of being here with Dr. Dan Lackland who is one of
our really valued volunteers with the American Heart. Dr. Lackland is involved with
several counselors within the American Heart Association. The stroke council, the
hypertension council, the (mumbles) council
and is also the president of the World Hypertension League. Welcome, Dan. – Anne, it’s wonderful to be here and talk about hypertension, which is a major, major risk
factor for us in the world. – We really appreciate you being here. We understand that there’s
a big day coming up in May. – Well, we do. The World Hypertension League historically has recognized World Hypertension Day and they’ve done this
for several decades now and the theme of this year,
which would be May 17, is know you numbers. And very, very important, I
think a good collaboration that we have of actually knowing. Everyone regardless of age,
regardless of any component, know your numbers. – So Dan, this sounds like
an awareness campaign. – I think it’s a tremendous
awareness campaign and it’s so very important
we want everyone to know if you have high blood pressure, you’re at greater risk of strokes. You’re at greater risk of
end-stage renal disease and also cardiovascular disease. And that’s the bad news. The good news is we can
do something about it. We can prevent it and
we can also control it. – Dan, given that information
and we know how serious uncontrolled high blood pressure is, can you give us some numbers? How does this affect the world, the U.S.? – Absolutely. And I think it’s a beautiful question. And I think globally there’s
no population in the world that does well with high blood pressure. So high blood pressure is
a factor that’s associated with greater risk all
throughout the world. In the United States, over
1/3 of our adult population would be considered to be hypertensive. That’s again, rough there, but also knowing that
really just a little more than half of those have
controlled blood pressure. So almost half have
uncontrolled blood pressure. – Astonishing and kind of scary isn’t it? – Yes it is. But we know that we can
do something about it. So first thing, know your numbers. Know what it is. Take your medications as
you’ve been prescribed and also thinking about those
non-pharmacological therapies. Things like diet. Eating that healthy diet
and don’t eat so much salt and certainly don’t smoke and lose weight. Things we already know about
also affect our blood pressure and dramatically reduce our
risk of having a stroke. – So lifestyle behavioral modification. – Absolutely. Again, knowing my numbers
and doing my lifestyle. – Doing your lifestyle, exactly. Dan, tell me with stroke, because as you know the American Heart, American Stroke Associations
are so concerned about that. Tell us how hypertension is
such a big factor with stroke. – It’s the number one
risk factor as you know. Therefore, individuals
for any type of stroke, the risk increased at any age, the risk of stroke increases because the blood pressures go up and
it’s a very simple formula, the higher your blood
pressure, the greater the risk. But said another way
and a more positive way, if I lower my blood pressure,
I know that I can tell you I’ve reduced my risk of having a stroke. We know that we can make
that type of impact. A very important component
of it is also prevention and so where adolescents, children. They say, oh well blood pressure, that’s something for the older population. Not so much ’cause we know
that what we want to do is prevent an individual from ever having high blood pressure. That begins in childhood. That begins in the adolescents. They can also adopt those
good healthy lifestyles and prevent hypertension
from ever occurring. – From ever occurring. Now, the American Hearth
Association has several programs related to hypertension. – Wonderful. The World Hypertension League
is very much in partnership with the American Heart Association. – Exactly. I understand and I’ve heard
about check, change and control. – A wonderful program doing all the things that we were just describing. Know our blood pressure,
monitor blood pressure, maybe home blood pressure,
self blood pressure monitoring. Do that, know the blood pressure. If my blood pressure is
high, make sure I get with my healthcare provider and make sure I’m taking medications that
are being prescribed for me, being adherent to the (mumbles) and also monitoring my
blood pressure over time to make sure that I’ve got it down and also it stays down. – Dan, tell me, this is always to me, what I’m always concerned about, what world’s ethnicity is at highest risk for hypertension and high blood pressure? – Certainly the United States, our African American
population has a significantly greater risk and they have
a risk of the outcomes such as stroke, but also have
the higher blood pressures and so it’s very important
for the whole population, but particularly African Americans need to particularly be aware
of their blood pressure. – Do we have a sense worldwide then if there is a race, ethnic group worldwide that might have a little
bit more of an issue with hypertension? – You know, it’s a great question. And what we do see globally,
well in the United States we’re excited to say,
stroke is the fifth leading cause of death in the United States and we’re excited about that
we’ve done something about it. In the world, stroke
is the second leading. And in many countries and many populations it’s the first. So the take home message,
if every population has a bad risk of hypertension, but also we do see these greater risks in different segments of the population. – I understand that the
American Heart Association is going to have hypertension
guidelines released this year. Do you have any comments about that? – Just that we’re very excited about this. As we’ve seen in the United States, the guidelines have influenced how we control blood pressures and we’ve seen dramatic improvements and blood pressure have come
down in the United States and that’s been great. We control blood pressures
by that combination of the healthcare providers
along with the individuals with their blood pressure. Knowing blood pressure (mumbles). We know we can do it. We still have a ways to go
and these new guidelines are going to help us get even further till maybe one day we
can wipe out hypertension an wipe out the strokes
that they’re causing. – We’re looking forward to that day, Dan. – Same way. – Dan, I want to tell
you how much we really appreciate you being here. How much we enjoy the work you do for the American Heart Association and the World Hypertension League. I’m excited, to you as the president of the World Hypertension League for May 17. – Sounds good. We look forward to it and let’s keep those blood pressures low. – Thank you so much for being here, Dan. – Certainly a pleasure.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *