Type II hypersensitivity (cytotoxic hypersensitivity) – causes, symptoms, & pathology

Having a hypersensitivity means that the immune system is reacting to something in a way that damages the body rather than protecting it. There are four different types of hypersensitivities, and the second type or type II hypersensitivity is sometimes called cytotoxic hypersensitivity because a lot of disorders caused by this hypersensitivity involve antibody mediated…

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) – causes, symptoms, diagnosis & pathology

Alright, “systemic lupus erythematosus,” k we totally got this. “Systemic” is easy, and refers to affecting multiple organs in the body. “Erythematosus” means reddening of the skin, alright alright. “Lupus” is latin for “wolf”. So affects multiple organs wolf…reddening of the skin? Not exactly, the modern use of lupus usually refers to a variety of…