Ectopic pregnancy

In ectopic pregnancy, ectopic means “out of place,” so an ectopic pregnancy means that a pregnancy occurs somewhere other than in the uterine cavity. In order for an ectopic pregnancy to take place, a couple of things need to happen differently from the normal process of a pregnancy. First, following ovulation, the egg must be…

CREST syndrome – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

CREST syndrome, also known as limited cutaneous systemic sclerosis, is an autoimmune condition, and its name is an acronym that stands for calcinosis, Raynaud’s phenomenon, esophageal dysmotility, sclerodactyly, and telangiectasias. Calcinosis is the deposition of calcium in the skin, Raynaud’s is spasm of the arteries in the fingers, esophageal dysmotility refers to difficulty swallowing, sclerodactyly…

Albinism

Albinism, meaning white, is a non-contagious, congenital condition that is defined by a drastic reduction or complete lack of pigmentation in the hair, skin and eyes. Albinism is often portrayed negatively, like Silas the antagonist in the book “The Da Vinci Code”, which contributes to his diminished quality of life with the disease. The skin…

Mumps – symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Mumps is a disease caused by the mumps virus, which is a member of the paramyxoviridae family. This is actually a large family of viruses which includes measles virus and parainfluenza viruses, and all of these tend to affect children the most. Mumps only affects humans and and is spread by tiny respiratory droplets that…