Human papillomavirus or HPV

Learning medicine is hard work! Osmosis makes it easy. It takes your lectures and notes to create a personalized study plan with exclusive videos, practice questions and flashcards, and so much more. Try it free today! Human papillomaviruses, or HPV for short, are a group of non-enveloped DNA viruses that specifically infect human epithelial cells….

Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome

Wernicke Korsakoff syndrome is named after Carl Wernicke and Sergei Korsakoff, the physicians who discovered the condition in the late 1800s. Wernicke Korsakoff syndrome is caused by Vitamin B1 or thiamine deficiency and it refers to a spectrum of disease. Wernicke’s encephalopathy is the acute, reversible stage of the syndrome, and if left untreated it…

Marfan Syndrome – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Marfan syndrome is a genetic disorder that results in defective connective tissue, which can affect a person’s skeleton, heart, blood vessels, eyes, and lungs. Normally, the interstitial space of various body tissues is full of microfibrils – which are strong ropelike structures that provide tissue integrity and form connective tissue. The main component of microfibrils…