Atrial Septal Defect (ASD), Animation.

Atrial septal defect, or ASD, is a congenital heart defect in which blood flows abnormally between the two atria of the heart. Normally, the atria are separated by a wall called the interatrial septum. In ASD patients, this septum is defective allowing blood flow between the two chambers. During fetal development, when the interatrial septum…

What is dukes criteria? Mnemonic and explanation

The Duke criteria are a set of clinical criteria set forward for the diagnosis of infective endocarditis. Fulfilling the criteria includes either having 2 major criteria, 1 major and 3 minor criteria, or 5 minor criteria. The two major criteria are positive blood cultures for infective endocarditis, and evidence of endocardial involvement. The five minor…

Essential Hypertension

Here is a talk on essential hypertension. And it’s a broad topic. But I’m going to try and cram it into 10 minutes and give you most information that you’ll need to know. My name is John Roberts, MD. I’m currently a resident at Duke University in the Internal Medicine Residency Program. So let’s get…

ESC TV 2015 – Congress by Topic – Hypertension

PATHWAY is a series of trials conducted by the British Hypertension Society investigating the treatment of hypertension, in PATHWAY-2 314 well-characterized resistant hypertensive patients were randomised to receive, in a sequential manner, either spironolactone, an alpha blocker a beta blocker or a placebo, every patient took every drug for 12 weeks We saw that the…

Hypertension: The risk factors for premature death

Hypertension is a common condition that presents with elevation in either systolic or diastolic blood pressure, and represents a major risk factor for morbidity and mortality. It is one of the major causes for premature death on a global basis and in many countries is the most common reason for physician visits. Treatment Thresholds Increased…

Meet Our Doc: Dunbar Ivy, MD, Heart Institute

I’m very dedicated to what I do. I’ve been involved for almost 25 years in taking care of children with congenital heart disease, and so it’s my lifelong passion to keep doing this. I think excellent care, the kind of care I would want my family to have would be the primary tenet. We provide…