Pre Diabetes Symptoms – Borderline diabetes What You Need to Know


Hello.. Welcome back to our channel. Today our video topic is about: Pre diabetes
Symptoms. If this is the first time you visit to our
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us. In pre-diabetes, blood sugar levels are slightly
higher than normal, but still not as high as in diabetes. If diabetes is “runaway blood
sugar” think of pre-diabetes as blood sugar that is “halfway out the door.” People almost always develop pre-diabetes
before they get type 2 diabetes. The rise in blood sugar levels that is seen in pre-diabetes
starts when the body begins to develop a problem called “insulin resistance.” Insulin is an
important hormone that helps you to process glucose (blood sugar). If usual amounts of insulin can’t
trigger the body to move glucose out of the bloodstream and into your cells, then
you have insulin resistance. Once insulin resistance begins, it can worsen
over time. When you have pre-diabetes, you make extra insulin to keep your sugar levels
near to normal. Insulin resistance can worsen as you age, and it worsens with weight gain.
If your insulin resistance progresses, eventually you can’t compensate well enough by making
extra insulin. When this occurs, your sugar levels will increase, and you will have diabetes. Pre Diabetes Symptoms
Pre-diabetes is often called a “silent” condition because it usually has no symptoms. You can
have pre-diabetes for several years without knowing it. Certain risk factors increase
the chance that you have pre-diabetes. These risk factors include:
Being overweight Being 45 years or older
A family history of diabetes Low levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL)
cholesterol (the “good” cholesterol) High triglycerides
High blood pressure A history of gestational diabetes
Being African-American, American Indian, Asian-American, Pacific Islander or Hispanic American/Latino
If you have one or more of these risk factors, your doctor may recommend a blood sugar test.
An abnormal result is likely to be the first sign that you have pre-diabetes. Diagnosis of Pre Diabetes
The same blood sugar tests that are used for diabetes are used to diagnose pre-diabetes.
For diagnosing pre-diabetes, your doctor can order one of the following:
A fasting blood glucose test An oral glucose tolerance test
A hemoglobin A1C (HbA1C) blood test In a fasting glucose test, blood sugar levels
are measured after at least eight hours of not eating. Most people prefer to have the
test done the morning after fasting overnight. In the oral glucose tolerance test, blood
sugar levels are first measured after an overnight fast. You then drink a sugary solution, and
two hours later another blood sample is drawn. This second test is known as a “glucose challenge.”
In healthy people, the glucose challenge will cause blood sugar levels to rise slightly
and fall quickly. In someone with pre-diabetes or diabetes, these levels rise very high or
fall slowly, so they will be abnormally high during the two-hour blood test. A hemoglobin A1C blood test can be done at
any time during the day. It does not require fasting. The result reflects an average of
your blood sugar over the preceding 3 months. Here is how to interpret the results of these
tests (mg/dL=milligrams per deciliter): Fasting glucose test
Normal – Below 100 mg/dL Pre-diabetes – Between 100 and 125 mg/dL
Diabetes – 126 mg/dL or higher Oral glucose tolerance test
Normal – Below 140 mg/dL Pre-diabetes – Between 140 mg/dL and 199
mg/dL Diabetes – 200 mg/dL or higher
Hemoglobin A1C test Normal – 5.6% or below
Pre-diabetes – Between 5.7% and 6.4% Diabetes – 6.5% or higher Having pre-diabetes does not automatically
mean you will get diabetes, but it does put you at an increased risk. Pre-diabetes is
also a risk factor for heart disease. Like people with type 2 diabetes, those with pre-diabetes
tend to be overweight, have high blood pressure and have unhealthy cholesterol levels.

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