Hypertension or ‘high blood pressure’ is a
condition identified by blood pressure that rises and stays higher than what is normal.
High blood pressure often has no immediately noticeable signs or symptoms but very high
blood pressure can cause headaches, vision problems, and even damage certain organs.
Hypertension that lasts for a long time can cause kidney damage, heart damage, and increase
the risk of a stroke. Obese patients, older patients, smokers, diabetics,
and patients with poor diets or a family history of high blood pressure are at a higher risk
of having high blood pressure. Alcohol abuse and illegal drug use can also cause blood
pressure to rise. High blood pressure can be treated through
healthy lifestyle changes such as diet and exercise but in many cases medications can
help safely and effectively adjust blood pressure back to normal levels. ACE inhibitors such
as lisinopril and diuretics such as hydrochlorothiazide are commonly used to treat high blood pressure.
A wide variety of blood pressure medications are useful in different situations to treat
hyptertension when other medications fail. Preventing and managing hypertension important
to living a healthy life. Maintain an active lifestyle with plenty of exercise and avoid
excessive salt intake in your diet. If you have a family history of hypertension or other
major risk factors, take the time to monitor your blood pressure periodically.