How to eat a heart-healthy diet

How to eat a heart-healthy diet

Hi, I’m Andrea Ho And I’m Daphna Steinberg, and we’re Registered
Dietitians in the Schulich Heart Centre at Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre. Healthy eating is an important way to maintain
heart health. Over the next few minutes, we’d like to share answers to some of the most
commonly asked questions about heart healthy eating. I have high cholesterol. Should I stay away
from high-cholesterol foods like eggs and shellfish? Cholesterol in your food actually has very
little effect on your blood cholesterol. This is because your liver makes most of the cholesterol
in your body. What affects your blood cholesterol most is the amount and type of fat that you
eat. The best way to lower your blood cholesterol is to choose foods that are lower in fat. Choose leaner cuts of meat, skinless poultry
and lower-fat dairy products, and limit egg yolks, the yellow part of the egg, to 3 per
week. Shellfish, like shrimp and squid, are a low-fat
alternative to eating meat, and can be enjoyed once a week. Scallops, mussels, lobster, and
crab are very low in cholesterol and can be enjoyed as often as you like. There are a lot of different diets out there.
Should I really be limiting my fat intake? Fat has an awful lot of calories. Limiting
your fat intake, as long as you’re not replacing the calories
with unhealthy calories can be helpful for achieving and maintaining a healthy body weight. The type of fat you eat can also affect your
cholesterol levels. Saturated fats and trans fats can raise your LDL cholesterol or your
lousy cholesterol. Foods that have saturated fats typically come from animal sources, so
meats and dairy products generally have the highest amounts of saturated fats. Make sure to choose lean cuts of meat and
skinless poultry, and trim your meat of any visible fat. Enjoy low-fat dairy products, like skim or
1% milk and 0% yogurt Trans fat is primarily found in commercially
processed foods. This type of fat is worse for your heart than saturated fat, so it’s
important to choose foods that are trans fat free. Before buying any commercially processed foods,
check the packaging to make sure it doesn’t have any trans fat in it. Look for phrases like “trans-fat free”,
“0 trans fat”, or “no trans fat” Check the ingredient list – make sure that
“shortening” or “partially hydrogenated oil” are not listed as ingredients. If they
are, pick a product that doesn’t have these two ingredients listed. Avoid using hard margarine, which is high
in trans fat. Instead, use a non-hydrogenated margarine, which is trans-fat free and has
very little saturated fat. What’s the best oil to cook with? Cooking oils are a good source of healthy
fats called unsaturated fats. The best oils to use in your cooking are olive oil and canola
oil. Even though these are healthy oils, it’s
still important to limit the amount of oil that you use when you’re cooking. Use heart
healthy cooking methods that don’t need a lot of oil Such as steaming, poaching, baking, roasting,
and stir-frying. Avoid deep-frying or pan-frying. Even if you are using a heart-healthy oil,
your food will absorb too much extra oil during the cooking process. When you are adding oil to your cooking, use
an oil spray or measure out the oil that you’ll be using. I’ve heard a lot about omega-3 being good
for my heart, but I’m not really sure what it is. Can you tell me more about it? Omega-3 fats are healthy fats that we need
to get from food because our bodies can’t make them. We need them to help raise our
healthy cholesterol and make our blood vessels more elastic. The best sources are from fatty fish including
salmon, tuna, trout, mackerel, herring and sardines. You can choose fresh, frozen, or
canned fish. When you choose canned fish, make sure it’s packed in water instead of
oil. You should try to eat these types of fish at least twice a week. If you don’t eat fish, you can also get
omega-3 from walnuts, ground flax seeds, chia seeds, pumpkin seeds and wheat germ. You can
enjoy these nuts and seeds every day, but make sure that they’re unsalted and haven’t
been pre-roasted in oil. I know that fruits and vegetables are healthy.
Should I be focusing on anything else? Fruits and vegetables are packed with vitamins
and minerals, and they’re also a great source of fibre. Fibre can help to decrease your
cholesterol and blood pressure. It also helps you to feel full for longer, which helps with
achieving and maintaining a healthy body weight. Of course, fibre is also useful for keeping
your bowels regular. There are two kinds of fibre: Soluble fibre
which is especially helpful for lowering cholesterol and blood pressure; and insoluble fibre which
helps to keep your bowels regular. It’s important to ensure you get both kinds of fibre every day. Foods that are rich in soluble fibre include
psyllium, oat products like oatmeal and oat bran, legumes, and certain fruits and vegetables
like apples, pears, berries, citrus fruit, broccoli, cauliflower and squash. Insoluble fibre is also known as “roughage”,
and can be found in whole grain breads, cereals and pastas, leafy vegetables like spinach
and lettuce; and more colourful fruit and vegetables like melons and peppers. If you’re not used to eating a lot of fibre,
start slowly, and make sure to drink plenty of water to help prevent stomach upset. I don’t have diabetes, do I still need to
watch my sugar intake? Sugar can be found naturally in food, or it
can be added to food. Sugar is found naturally in foods like fruit and milk products. These
foods are healthy and should be enjoyed throughout the day. Added sugars include table sugar, honey, syrups
and foods that contain added sugars, such as sugar sweetened beverages, desserts, and
sweetened cereals. Eating large quantities of added sugars can
increase weight and increase the risk of developing heart disease, even in people who are not
overweight So, it’s important to limit the amount of
added sugars that you eat. Having an occasional treat is fine, just remember that if you have
a treat every day, it’s no longer a treat, it’s a habit.
I think I need to cut down on my salt intake. How do I do that? Salt contains sodium, and eating too much
sodium can increase your blood pressure. Sodium is found naturally in fresh foods, but more
than 75% of the sodium we eat comes from processed and packaged foods. To cut down your sodium intake, limit the
amount of salt you eat by not adding any to your food at the table. When you’re cooking, only add a pinch of
salt, or instead of salt, try adding flavour with
dried or fresh herbs, such as basil, thyme, or rosemary, or try using a blend of herbs
and spices. Choose fresh foods whenever possible, and
limit foods that have been processed, pickled, smoked, or salted If you are using canned products, make sure
to rinse them well under water first The foods I eat are healthy, but I’m just
not sure how much to eat. Can you tell me more about heart healthy portion sizes? Portion control is important for achieving
and maintaining a healthy body weight. A simple way to do it is to follow the plate
method. Fill up half of your plate with vegetables. A quarter of your plate should include lean
protein like fish, legumes, skinless poultry or lean meat. The last quarter of your plate
should be high-fibre starchy foods like whole grain breads, brown or wild rice, multi-grain
pasta, potatoes with their skin still on, or corn. Then you can round off your meal
with a glass of milk and some fruit for dessert. Not every meal will fit into the plate method.
What do you do on pizza night? Yes, there can still be pizza night. Just apply the same
ideas. Choose a pizza made with a whole-grain thin
crust and topped with lots of veggies and some grilled chicken. Let that fill up half your plate. Then, have a big salad with it and enjoy some fruit for a sweet finish. What are some heart healthy tips for eating
out? When eating out, choose dishes that have been
prepared using heart healthy cooking methods. These include dishes that are steamed, poached,
broiled, grilled, stir-fried or baked. Choose dishes with lean cuts of meat, skinless
poultry, fish, or legumes. Choose dishes with higher fibre starch options,
such as whole wheat or multigrain pasta, brown or wild rice, and sandwiches made with whole
grain breads. Ask to have your salad dressings and sauces
on the side. Choose non-creamy dressings and sauces. And of course, don’t forget the veggies! We hope these tips will help you make heart
healthy eating part of your lifestyle and daily routine. If you have any additional questions, please
don’t hesitate to let a member of your health care team know that you’d like to speak
with a registered dietitian.

26 Replies to “How to eat a heart-healthy diet”

  1. I see that you show the formed little carrots in a salad and understand from other healthy food choice discussions that these are mechanically formed and dipped in a chlorine type solution to keep off bacteria until eaten and that is why if not eaten right away turn white on the outside. Is this true and if so is this a good thing to show on the site?

  2. This video wants to shorten your life as soon as possible.
    This is not a healthy video. It is a premature death video.

  3. I think you are wrong.. your body makes 3000 milligrams of cholesterol a day.. if you eat more cholesterol it will make less.. if you eat less cholesterol it will make more…. at least two dozen eggs a week I haven't got high cholesterol or high blood pressure… problem comes from not eating enough vegetables in your diet.. and not eating the right vegetables.. and not eating the right fats.. Plenty of Fish steamed.. or boiled…

  4. I am always disappointed in these so called healthy heart videos. In order to eat healthy for your heart one needs to remember this: no oil (including margarine of any sort), no salt and no dairy! When cooking, instead of using oil use vegetable broth.

  5. Canola oil? !! Holy Dinah, most canola oil is genetically modified. Get with the program.
    All margarine, because of the way it's 'manufactured', is BAD.

  6. Great information. I found this series really helped me and was very informative on this subject. @mYmA

  7. Just eat fruits vegetables and berries some lean meats. Its not what to add its what to take out. You ladys were great and thank you for caring. If people have to look up how to eat healthy there is no hope.

  8. I had a full blown heart attack 3 weeks ago! No bull! It’s time to wake up. If not for quick intervention I would be long dead. A sobering thought.

  9. Thank you for such an informative video. I have just had angioplasty 14 days back. Am really taking care of my diet now. Can i have a couple of alcoholic drink sometimes?

  10. My problem is I am a meat and potatoes guy and it’s just so hard to get the same full feeling on this diet. I never had a problem with weight but my cholesterol is through the roof. I would eat 9 meals a day if I could

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