Facts Everyone Should know about High Blood Pressure | High Blood Pressure Facts

Facts Everyone Should know about High Blood Pressure | High Blood Pressure Facts


Hello Viewers welcome to our channel, today
Dr. Dilip Gude is with us.General physician and diabatologist. hello
doctor, doctor what is high blood pressure? see basically as we all know
the two components for a blood pressure systolic and diastolic also the public
are aware of this blood pressure is always know told in two numbers
the first one is systolic so hundred twenty millimeters of mercury or less
and eighty millimeters of mercury or less of diastolic so if no less than 80
diastolic less than 120 or equal to systolic it’s called a normal blood
pressure so when blood pressure keeps going up say 140 or more and that is
systolic and 90 or more diastolic we call it hypertension although there’s
something called pre hypertension also you know where in between that is
hundred twenty two hundred and thirty hundred thirty-five it is also called
pre hypertension and eighty to eighty-five into tonight is also called
leptin stage okay what level do you call our hypertensive that’s 140 by 90 or
more persistently if someone has no high blood pressure which which is not coming
down even in the night even at home when checked at multiple times that is three
or four times and if it continues to be hundred forty or 90 or more then we we
label them hypertensive and we start medication for them okay what are the
precautions were taken for this blood pressure yeah the most important thing
is to avoid salt in any form so heartless diction is something which
they should be doing in indict and of course avoid you know fatty foods and
you know fried foods and eat lots of vegetables fruits and all just having
enough potassium in the body and potassium and magnesium in the body by
you know having antioxidants rich fruits and foods will may actually decrease you
know the blood pressure by at least five mm of mercury so diet plays a really
important part especially Sark listed too tight good the lifestyle
changes like exercise if someone who’s exercising at least 40
to 45 minutes per day and having a salt restricted diet and eating lots of
antioxidant which foods like fruits vegetables and all the blood pressure
does come down and sometimes to an extent that they may not require even a
medicine so that is very important so we don’t start medicines right away someone
has say 135 by 85 or and 40 by 90 at one visit we don’t start medicine so we tell
them to do a few lifestyle changes and ask them to come back in a week
so that’s one if it is persistently high even then we start off medicines and one
more thing is home blood pressure we encourage people to check the blood
pressure at their home because home red pressure is a better indicator than
clinical depression because just coming to clinic there’s a thing called white
coat hypertension just looking at a doctor or a hospital setting new
premises you know pressure starts going up with anxiety and we should not be
treating that blood pressure because when they go home their blood pressure
probably normalizes now having said that this is and it’s an opposite of it mask
hypertension so some people may have blood pressure at home but for some
reason you know when they come to a hospital they may it may actually be
normal and they might not be on blood pressure medicines you know speedy
asleep because doctors might think they might not actually have that for sure so
the best way to monitor is the thing called 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure
monitoring where we check blood pressure for the entire 24 hours now a cuff is
put and for the entire 24 hours we monitor blood pressure and we see the
ups and downs so especially there is something called a nocturnal tipping
when you know a patient that a person sleeps the pressure should easily go
down by 10 mm and or more some people they’ve met ratio does not tape even in
sleep they’re called non dippers so non deport are at a higher risk of
developing stroke stroke in unless it’s paralytic attack you know they may have
the blood vessel rupture or in a blood clots and all which may occur so not the
person need to be treated aggressively and
the purposes goal should be 120 by 80 you know 130 or less or 85 diastolic or
less and which is when you minimize the risk of stroke especially not just
stroke no risk factors like heart disease and all also come down when you
adequately treat hypertension okay thank you so much after thanks for the
information thank you I hope you like this video if
you liked it please like share and subscribe to our channel thanks for
watching thank you

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