Diabetes: What Is It?

Diabetes: What Is It?


(modern music) – Hi, I’m Joan Lunden. Diabetes is affecting more
and more of us every day, family members, friends, maybe even you. More than 30 million Americans
are living with diabetes and about one in four of them, don’t even know it yet. In fact, many of us don’t
even fully understand what diabetes is or, how
to know if we’re at risk. So to help us, I am joined
by Dr. Ann Albright, Director of the CDC’s Division
of Diabetes Translation. Hi Ann. – [Ann] Hi Joan. – What’s the basic definition of diabetes? – Well there are two
major forms of diabetes. Type-1 is a disease in which the body no longer is able to make enough insulin. And those who have type-1 diabetes, must take insulin to survive. In type-2 diabetes, it’s a disease in which the insulin is not acting properly. People are not sensitive
enough to their insulin and so they may be on insulin, they may also be treated with pills, and they may certainly, and must, eat healthy and be active. It’s a key component of
treating type-2 diabetes. – How do you know if you even have it? – If you are urinating a lot, if you are losing a
rapid amount of weight, if you are getting some
infections that don’t heal. The issue is, not everybody
experiences those symptoms, and those who do, may not
necessarily think it’s something that they have to get checked out, or that they certainly think
are related to diabetes. – And what are the risk factors? – That is something you really should be paying attention to
for type-2 diabetes. The risk factors are if
you’re over the age of 45, if you are not as physically active, you’re not getting
enough physical activity. if you’re overweight or obese, and if you’re a member of
a high-risk ethnic group, African American, Hispanic
Latino, American Indian, Asian Pacific Islander, if you’re a woman that
had gestational diabetes, or a baby weighing more than nine pounds. All of those things are risk factors. – Thank you so much. – [Ann] Thanks Joan. – And for more information, you can log on to cdc.gov/diabetestv. We’ll see you next time. I’m Joan Lunden. – [Announcer] Sponsored by NACDD with support from the
Centers from Disease Control and Prevention. Visit cdc.gov/diabetesTV (modern music)

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