Can Diabetes Type 2 Cause Vision Problems?

Can Diabetes Type 2 Cause Vision Problems?


Hello, I am Ty Mason of thediabetescouncil.com,
researcher, writer and I have type 2 diabetes. I want to emphasize that my perspective is
coming from one with Type 2 and not Type 1. Our channel is primarily for those with Type
2 Diabetes and PreDiabetes. Today I want to answer the question can diabetes
type 2 cause vision problems After you watch the video today, I invite
you check out the description box for my new ebook. This is one of the most comprehensive diabetes
meal planning book you can find. It contains diabetes friendly meals/recipes,
recipes for different goals such as 800-1800 calories per day meal plan, diabetes meal
planning tips and tricks. There are also tons of diabetes friendly recipes
for everyone! Eyesight is a major concern for those with
Type 2 diabetes. That being said, many with diabetes are at
risk to go blind. Let me explain with a little help from the
American Academy of Ophthalmology. People with diabetes can have an eye disease
called diabetic retinopathy. This is when high blood sugar levels cause
damage to blood vessels in the retina. These blood vessels can swell and leak. Or they can close, stopping blood from passing
through. Sometimes abnormal new blood vessels grow
on the retina. All of these changes can steal your vision. Stages of diabetic eye disease
There are two main stages of diabetic eye disease. NPDR (non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy)
This is the early stage of diabetic eye disease. Many people with diabetes have it. With NPDR, tiny blood vessels leak, making
the retina swell. When the macula swells, it is called macular
edema. This is the most common reason why people
with diabetes lose their vision. Also with NPDR, blood vessels in the retina
can close off. This is called macular ischemia. When that happens, blood cannot reach the
macula. Sometimes tiny particles called exudates can
form in the retina. These can affect your vision too. If you have NPDR, your vision will be blurry. PDR (proliferative diabetic retinopathy)
PDR is the more advanced stage of diabetic eye disease. It happens when the retina starts growing
new blood vessels. This is called neovascularization. These fragile new vessels often bleed into
the vitreous. If they only bleed a little, you might see
a few dark floaters. If they bleed a lot, it might block all vision. These new blood vessels can form scar tissue. Scar tissue can cause problems with the macula
or lead to a detached retina. PDR is very serious, and can steal both your
central and peripheral (side) vision. People with all types of diabetes (type 1,
type 2, and gestational) are at risk for diabetic retinopathy. Risk increases the longer a person has diabetes. Between 40 and 45 percent of Americans diagnosed
with diabetes have some stage of diabetic retinopathy, although only about half are
aware of it. Women who develop or have diabetes during
pregnancy may have rapid onset or worsening of diabetic retinopathy. So yes, diabetes can cause major vision problems. If you have diabetes, I urge you to see an
eye doctor regularly. Don’t forget to get my new ebook and please,
subscribe to our channel for many more videos like this one in the future. Thanks for watching. I am Ty Mason.

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